Small Succah, Many Guests

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Dear Rabbi Simon,

Our succa only seats 3-4 people but we’ve enthusiastically invited a couple of people ‘too many’ for one of the meals.

On a practical level, what can we do without having to disinvite the ‘extras’, which would not be very nice?

If I’m not mistaken, the succa obligation is really only for the men.  Would it be OK if the men ate in the succa and the ladies inside?  Would the ladies have to stand into the succa to hear kiddush or can they stay inside while listening to my recitation of kiddush?  The entrance to my succa is literally one step onto the patio, there would be no problem hearing me from the succa.

Thank you in advance for your guidance.

Best regards,


Dear Michael
TY for your Q.
It is indeed awkward to disinvite guests, for reasons of courtesy and more. In this case, your suggestion is certainly acceptable halakhically, ie the obligation to dwell/eat in the sukkah is incumbent upon men, and is optional for women. If all can hear you when you recite kiddush, and you have them in mind (even though they may be outside your field of vision) you may divide up in the way which you describe.
From a family/hospitality standpoint, of course, this may not be ideal. In the future, you may want to explore other possibilities, such as (obviously) a larger sukkah, if possible, or even a sukkah which opens into the house, so that all may eat “together” even if some (ie those not obligated in the mitzvah of sukkah) are under the roof and therefore technically not in the sukkah itself.
I hope this makes sense and is helpful to you (and your guests).
Hatimah tovah and hag same’ah
Rabbi Rashi Simon

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Ask the Rabbi: Quinoa on Pesach
Dear Rabbi Simon,
Where do you stand on quinoa (and the kitniyot ban) for Pesach?
Many thanks,
Dear Tzippy,
In line with other American authorities, I am in favour of quinoa. Although I reject completely the voices (mostly from Israel) seeking to abolish the ban on kitniyot entirely, IMO we do not need to include in the prohibition pseudo-grains that were unknown in the Old World until modern times. Best to buy with a Pesach hechsher though, to be free of any possible wheat contamination.
Rabbi Rashi Simon
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